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Title: Electroweak fragmentation functions for dark matter annihilation

Electroweak corrections can play a crucial role in dark matter annihilation. The emission of gauge bosons, in particular, leads to a secondary flux consisting of all Standard Model particles, and may be described by electroweak fragmentation functions. To assess the quality of the fragmentation function approximation to electroweak radiation in dark matter annihilation, we have calculated the flux of secondary particles from gauge-boson emission in models with Majorana fermion and vector dark matter, respectively. For both models, we have compared cross sections and energy spectra of positrons and antiprotons after propagation through the galactic halo in the fragmentation function approximation and in the full calculation. Fragmentation functions fail to describe the particle fluxes in the case of Majorana fermion annihilation into light fermions: the helicity suppression of the lowest-order cross section in such models cannot be lifted by the leading logarithmic contributions included in the fragmentation function approach. However, for other classes of models like vector dark matter, where the lowest-order cross section is not suppressed, electroweak fragmentation functions provide a simple, model-independent and accurate description of secondary particle fluxes.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Institute for Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology, RWTH Aachen University, D-52056 Aachen (Germany)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22454510
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2015; Journal Issue: 02; Other Information: PUBLISHER-ID: JCAP02(2015)021; OAI: oai:repo.scoap3.org:9270; Article funded by SCOAP3. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Sponsoring Org:
SCOAP3, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ANNIHILATION; ANTIPROTONS; BOSONS; COSMOLOGY; CROSS SECTIONS; ELEMENTARY PARTICLES; ENERGY SPECTRA; HELICITY; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; POSITRONS; STANDARD MODEL; WEINBERG-SALAM GAUGE MODEL