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Title: Contact symmetries and Hamiltonian thermodynamics

It has been shown that contact geometry is the proper framework underlying classical thermodynamics and that thermodynamic fluctuations are captured by an additional metric structure related to Fisher’s Information Matrix. In this work we analyse several unaddressed aspects about the application of contact and metric geometry to thermodynamics. We consider here the Thermodynamic Phase Space and start by investigating the role of gauge transformations and Legendre symmetries for metric contact manifolds and their significance in thermodynamics. Then we present a novel mathematical characterization of first order phase transitions as equilibrium processes on the Thermodynamic Phase Space for which the Legendre symmetry is broken. Moreover, we use contact Hamiltonian dynamics to represent thermodynamic processes in a way that resembles the classical Hamiltonian formulation of conservative mechanics and we show that the relevant Hamiltonian coincides with the irreversible entropy production along thermodynamic processes. Therefore, we use such property to give a geometric definition of thermodynamically admissible fluctuations according to the Second Law of thermodynamics. Finally, we show that the length of a curve describing a thermodynamic process measures its entropy production.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de México, A.P. 70-543, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)
  2. Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma La Sapienza, P.le Aldo Moro 5, I-00185 Rome (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22451239
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Annals of Physics; Journal Volume: 361; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ENTROPY; GAUGE INVARIANCE; GEOMETRY; HAMILTONIANS; METRICS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; SYMMETRY BREAKING; THERMODYNAMICS