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Title: Luminescence properties of Ca{sub 3}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+}, Bi{sup 3+}, R{sup +} (R{sup +}=Li{sup +}, Na{sup +}, and K{sup +}) red emission phosphor

A series of Ca{sub 3}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+}, Ca{sub 3}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+}, Bi{sup 3+}, Ca{sub 3}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+}, R{sup +}, and Ca{sub 3}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+}, Bi{sup 3+}, R{sup +} (R{sup +}=Li{sup +}, Na{sup +}, and K{sup +}) phosphors are synthesized by solid-state reaction method in air. All phosphors show bright red emissions centered at ∼617 nm upon excitation with UV light of 397 nm. Bi{sup 3+} is a sensitizer for the luminescence of Eu{sup 3+}, and can improve significantly the PL intensity of Ca{sub 3}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphor due to energy transfer between Bi{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} ions. The sensitization mechanism is investigated and discussed by energy level diagrams of Bi{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} ions. R{sup +} ion is used as the charge compensator to improve the luminescence intensity of Ca{sub 3}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+} and Ca{sub 3}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+}, Bi{sup 3+} phosphors, and their PL intensities are enhanced in the sequence K{sup +}→Na{sup +}→Li{sup +}. These phosphors can be promising red emitting candidate for white LED with a ∼397 nm near UV chip excitation owing to the high brightness. - Graphical abstract: Energy transfer and charge compensation can enhance PL intensity ofmore » phosphors obviously. - Highlights: • Ca{sub 3}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+}, Bi{sup 3+} phosphor is synthesized. • Energy transfer between Eu{sup 3+} and Bi{sup 3+} ions benefit PL intensity of Ca{sub 3}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+}, Bi{sup 3+} phosphor. • Alkaline metal ions can further improve the PL intensity of Ca{sub 3}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+}, Bi{sup 3+} phosphor. • Ca{sub 3}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+}, Bi{sup 3+}, R{sup +} phosphor may be promising red emitting candidate for white LED.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. College of Mathematics and Physics, Jinggangshan University, Ji’an 343009 (China)
  2. Scientific Research Office, Jinggangshan University, Ji’an 343009 (China)
  3. College of pharmacology and Life Science, Jiujiang University, Jiujiang 332000 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22451116
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 220; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; BISMUTH IONS; DIAGRAMS; ENERGY LEVELS; ENERGY TRANSFER; EUROPIUM IONS; EXCITATION; KAONS PLUS; LITHIUM IONS; LUMINESCENCE; PHOSPHORS; POTASSIUM IONS; SODIUM IONS; SOLIDS