skip to main content

Title: Structure of β-AgGaO{sub 2}; ternary I–III–VI{sub 2} oxide semiconductor with a wurtzite-derived structure

The structure of the wurtzite-derived β-AgGaO{sub 2} was refined by Rietveld analysis of high-resolution powder diffraction data obtained using synchrotron X-ray radiation. The space group of the crystal is Pna2{sub 1} with lattice parameters of a{sub 0}=5.56175 Å, b{sub 0}=7.14749 Å, and c{sub 0}=5.46875 Å. The deviation of O–Ag–O and M–O–M bond angles from the regular tetrahedral angle of 109.5° was very large at ∼8° and ∼11°, respectively. The electronic structure of β-AgGaO{sub 2} is discussed based on its structure, and the indirect band gap of β-AgGaO{sub 2} was related to significant tetrahedral distortion. Although β-AgGaO{sub 2} decomposes into metallic silver and Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} at a high temperature in any atmosphere, β-AgGaO{sub 2} is stable up to 690 °C under an O{sub 2} atmosphere. No direct transformation from the wurtzite-derived phase to a delafossite phase occurs in β-AgGaO{sub 2}. - Graphical abstract: Crystal structure of β-AgGaO{sub 2} was refined by Rietveld analysis. AgO{sub 4} and O(Ag,Ga){sub 4} tetrahedra are significantly distorted from ideal tetrahedron. - Highlights: • Orthorhombic β-AgGaO{sub 2} with a wurtzite-derived β-NaFeO{sub 2} structure was synthesized. • Its structure was refined by Rietveld analysis of high-resolution XRD data. • Silver and oxygen tetrahedra are significantly distorted frommore » an ideal tetrahedron. • The extent of this tetrahedral distortion is related to the band gap nature. • β-AgGaO{sub 2} is a metastable phase but is stable up to 690 °C in an O{sub 2} atmosphere.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Division of Materials and Manufacturing Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)
  2. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Toyama National College of Technology, 13 Hongo-machi, Toyama 939-8630 (Japan)
  3. Synchrotron X-ray Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22443541
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 222; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CRYSTALS; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; GALLIUM OXIDES; LATTICE PARAMETERS; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; OXYGEN; POWDERS; SILVER; SPACE GROUPS; SYNCHROTRONS; X RADIATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION