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Title: Conjugating folate on superparamagnetic Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@Au nanoparticles using click chemistry

Gold-coated magnetic core@shell nanoparticles, which exhibit magneto-optical properties, not only enhance the chemical stability of core and biocompatibility of surface, but also provide a combination of multimodal imaging and therapeutics. The conjugation of these tiny nanoparticles with specific biomolecules allows researchers to target the desired location. In this paper, superparamagnetic Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@Au nanoparticles were synthesized and functionalized with the azide group on the surface by formation of self-assembled monolayers. Folate (FA) molecules, non-immunogenic target ligands for cancer cells, are conjugated with alkyne and then immobilized on the azide-terminated Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@Au nanoparticles through copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (click reaction). Myelogenous leukemia K562 cells were used as a folate receptor (FR) model, which can be targeted and extracted by magnetic field after interaction with the Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@Au–FA nanoparticles. - Graphical abstract: Self-assembled azide-terminated group on superparamagnetic Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@Au nanoparticles followed by click reaction with alkyne-functionalized folate, allowing the nanoparticles target folate receptor of cancer cells. - Highlights: • Azidoundecanethiol was coated on the superparamagnetic Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@Au nanoparticles by forming self-assembled monolayers. • Alkyne-terminated folate was synthesized from a reaction between the amine and the carboxylic acid. • Conjugation of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@Au nanoparticles with folate was made bymore » copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition click chemistry.« less
Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22443537
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 222; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; AMINES; AZIDES; CARBOXYLIC ACIDS; COPPER; FERRITES; GOLD; INTERACTIONS; IRON OXIDES; LEUKEMIA; LIGANDS; MAGNET CORES; MAGNETIC CORES; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MOLECULES; NANOPARTICLES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; STABILITY; SUPERPARAMAGNETISM