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Title: Oxygen potentials and phase equilibria in the system Ca–Co–O and thermodynamic properties of Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 2}O{sub 6} and Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9.163}

Oxygen potentials established by the equilibrium between three condensed phases, CaO{sub ss}+CoO{sub ss}+Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 2}O{sub 6} and CoO{sub ss}+Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 2}O{sub 6}+Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 3.93+α}O{sub 9.36−δ}, are measured as a function of temperature using solid-state electrochemical cells incorporating yttria-stabilized zirconia as the electrolyte and pure oxygen as the reference electrode. Cation non-stoichiometry and oxygen non-stoichiometry in Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 3.93+α}O{sub 9.36−δ} are determined using different techniques under defined conditions. Decomposition temperatures and thermodynamic properties of Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 2}O{sub 6} and Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9.163} are calculated from the results. The standard entropy and enthalpy of formation of Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 2}O{sub 6} at 298.15 K are evaluated. Using thermodynamic data from this study and auxiliary information from the literature, phase diagram for the ternary system Ca–Co–O is computed. Isothermal sections at representative temperatures are displayed to demonstrate the evolution of phase relations with temperature. - Graphical abstract: Isothermal section of the phase diagram of the system Ca–Co–O at 1250 K. - Highlights: • Improved definition of cation and oxygen nonstoichiometry of Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 3.93+α}O{sub 9.36−δ}. • Measurement of Δμ{sub O{sub 2}} associated with two 3-phase fields as a function of temperature. • Use of solid-state electrochemical cells for accurate measurement of Δμ{sub O{submore » 2}}. • Decomposition temperatures and thermodynamic properties for ternary oxides. • Characterization of ternary phase diagram of the system Ca–Co–O.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22443478
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 221; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CALCIUM; CALCIUM OXIDES; CATIONS; COBALT OXIDES; DECOMPOSITION; ELECTRODES; ELECTROLYTES; ENTROPY; FORMATION HEAT; OXYGEN; OXYGEN POTENTIAL; PHASE DIAGRAMS; SOLIDS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; YTTRIUM OXIDES; ZIRCONIUM OXIDES