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Title: Magnetic and structural investigations on La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4}MnO{sub 3} nanostructured manganite: Evidence of a ferrimagnetic shell

This paper presents the structural and magnetic properties of La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4}MnO{sub 3} nanoparticles with sizes from 21 to 106 nm, which have been prepared using the sol–gel method. The reduction of the nanoparticles' size tends to broaden the paramagnetic to ferromagnetic transition, as well as to promote magnetic hysteresis and a remarkable change on the magnetic saturation. In order to better understand the magnetic behavior of those nanoparticles, a simple model based on a ferromagnetic core and a ferrimagnetic shell was considered, where the magnetization was described in terms of the standard mean-field Brillouin function. This model matches the experimental data, leading to conclusion the nanoparticles with size <40nm are single magnetic domain. In addition, the output fitting parameters give information on the Landé factor of the core and shell. - Graphical abstract: Core–shell model: The core has a ferromagnetic character, while the shell is ferrimagnetic. Each one has two sub-lattices (Mn{sup 3+} and Mn{sup 4+}) that interact through a mean-field (see Eq. (6)). Interactions strength and signals are also represented in this figure. In this figure the arrows (or vectors) represent the magnetic moment of ions Mn{sup 3+} (s=2) and Mn{sup 4+} (s=3/2). βλ's describe the ferromagnetic interactionmore » between Mn{sup 4+} ions into the core (βλ{sub co}) and into the shell (βλ{sub sh}), while αλ's represent ferromagnetic interaction between Mn{sup 3+} ions into the core (αλ{sub co}) and into the shell (αλ{sub sh}). The −λ{sub sh} and +λ{sub co}co are associated to the mean field parameter of interaction between Mn{sup 3+} and Mn{sup 4+} sub-lattices in the shell (ferrimagnetic, negative sign) and core (ferromagnetic, positive sign), respectively. - Highlights: • Evidences of ferromagnetic shell in La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4}MnO{sub 3} ferromagnetic nanoparticles. • Core(ferromagnetic)–shell(ferromagnetic) model for nanostructured manganite. • Sol–gel method was successfully used to obtain nanostructured manganite.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, 24210-340 Niterói, RJ (Brazil)
  2. (Brazil)
  3. Divisão de Metrologia de Materiais, Instituto Nacional de Metrologia, Qualidade e Tecnologia, 25250-020 Duque de Caxias, RJ (Brazil)
  4. Instituto de Física “Gleb Wataghin”, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Caixa Postal 6165, 13083-859 Campinas, SP (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22443445
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 219; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; GELS; INTERACTIONS; MAGNETIC MOMENTS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; MANGANESE IONS; MEAN-FIELD THEORY; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PARAMAGNETISM; SATURATION; SOLS