skip to main content

Title: Preparation of highly photocatalytic active CdS/TiO{sub 2} nanocomposites by combining chemical bath deposition and microwave-assisted hydrothermal synthesis

CdS/TiO{sub 2} nanocomposites were prepared from Cd and Ti (1:1 M ratio) using cetyltrimethylammonium bromide by a two-step chemical bath deposition (CBD) and microwave-assisted hydrothermal synthesis (MAHS) method. A series of nanocomposites with different morphologies and activities were prepared by varying the reaction time in the MAHS (2, 4, and 6 h). The crystal structure, morphology, and surface physicochemical properties of the nanocomposites were characterized by X-ray diffraction, UV–visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and N{sub 2} adsorption–desorption measurements. The results show that the CdS/TiO{sub 2} nanocomposites were composed of anatase TiO{sub 2} and hexagonal CdS phases with strong absorption in the visible region. The surface morphologies changed slightly with increasing microwave irradiation time, while the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface area increased remarkably. The photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange (MO) was investigated under UV light and simulated sunlight irradiation. The photocatalytic activity of the CdS/TiO{sub 2} (6 h) composites prepared by the MAHS method was higher than those of CdS, P25, and other CdS/TiO{sub 2} nanocomposites. The CdS/TiO{sub 2} (6 h) nanocomposites significantly affected the UV and microwave-assisted photocatalytic degradation of different dyes. To elucidate the photocatalytic reaction mechanism for the CdS/TiO{sub 2} nanocomposites, controlled experiments were performedmore » by adding different radical scavengers. - Graphical abstract: CdS/TiO{sub 2} nanocomposites were prepared using CTAB by CBD combined with MAHS method. In addition, with increasing microwave irradiation time, the morphology of CdS/TiO{sub 2} changed from popcorn-like to wedge-like structure. - Highlights: • The CdS/TiO{sub 2} was prepared by CBD combined with MAHS two-step method under CTAB. • The morphologies of as-samples were different with the time of microwave increased. • Compared with TiO{sub 2}, as-samples show strong absorbance in the visible light region. • The CdS/TiO{sub 2} (6 h) exhibits remarkably effects on photodegradation under multi-mode. • A possible growth process of CdS/TiO{sub 2} nanocomposite was illustrated.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ; ; ;  [1]
  1. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. College of Environment and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun 130024 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22443414
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 218; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ABSORPTION; ADSORPTION; CADMIUM SULFIDES; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; DEPOSITION; DESORPTION; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; IRRADIATION; METHYL ORANGE; NANOCOMPOSITES; PHOTOCATALYSIS; RADICALS; REACTION KINETICS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SIMULATION; SURFACE AREA; SURFACES; TITANIUM OXIDES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY