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Title: Phase transition, crystal water and low thermal expansion behavior of Al{sub 2−2x}(ZrMg){sub x}W{sub 3}O{sub 12}·n(H{sub 2}O)

Al{sub 2−2x}(ZrMg){sub x}W{sub 3}O{sub 12} for 0≤x≤1.0 are synthesized to reduce the phase transition temperature of Al{sub 2}W{sub 3}O{sub 12}. It is found that the incorporation of (ZrMg){sup 6+} into the lattice of Al{sub 2}W{sub 3}O{sub 12} not only reduces its orthorhombic-to-monoclinic phase transition temperature but also elevates its softening temperature, broadening its applicable temperature range considerably. Al{sub 2−2x}(ZrMg){sub x}W{sub 3}O{sub 12} with x<0.5 exhibit low coefficients of thermal expansion (CTEs) and non-hygroscopicity, while those for x≥0.7 are obviously hygroscopic and the CETs decrease with increasing the content of (ZrMg){sup 6+} so that Al{sub 0.2}(ZrMg){sub 0.9}W{sub 3}O{sub 12} and ZrMgW{sub 3}O{sub 12} exhibit negative thermal expansion. Temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopic study shows the hardening of W–O bonds above 373 K which is attributed to the release of crystal water. The effect of crystal water on the thermal expansion property is discussed based on the hydrogen bond between H in crystal water and electronegative O in Al(ZrMg)–O–W linkages. - Graphical abstract: (a and b) Temperature dependent Raman spectra of Al{sub 2−x}(ZrMg){sub x}W{sub 3}O{sub 12} (x=0.1, 0.2), (c and d) Building block of a unit cell of Al{sub 2−x}(ZrMg){sub x}W{sub 3}O{sub 12}·n(H{sub 2}O) and schematic showing the effect of crystal water on Al(Zr,more » Mg)–O–W linkages. - Highlights: • (ZrMg){sup 6+} reduces orthorhombic-to-monoclinic phase transition of Al{sub 2}W{sub 3}O{sub 12}. • The incorporation of (ZrMg){sup 6+} elevates the softening temperature of Al{sub 2}W{sub 3}O{sub 12}. • Al{sub 2−2x}(ZrMg){sub x}W{sub 3}O{sub 12} (x<0.5) exhibit low CTEs and non-hygroscopicity. • Al{sub 0.2}(ZrMg){sub 0.9}W{sub 3}O{sub 12}·0.8H{sub 2}O and ZrMgW{sub 3}O{sub 12}·2H{sub 2}O present NTE. • Hydrogen bond between H in H{sub 2}O and O in Al(ZrMg)–O–W affects thermal expansion.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22443405
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 218; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CRYSTALS; HARDENING; HYDROGEN; HYGROSCOPICITY; MONOCLINIC LATTICES; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; RAMAN SPECTRA; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TEMPERATURE RANGE; THERMAL EXPANSION; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE; WATER