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Title: F{sup −}/OH{sup −} substitution in [H{sub 4}tren]{sup 4+} and [H{sub 3}tren]{sup 3+} hydroxyfluorotitanates(IV) and classification of tren cation configurations

Three [H{sub 3}tren]{sup 3+} or [H{sub 4}tren]{sup 4+} hydroxyfluorotitanates(IV) are solvothermally synthesized from TiO{sub 2}, tren amine, 40% HF aqueous solution and ethanol under microwave heating at 120 °C and 190 °C. [H{sub 4}tren]·(TiF{sub 4.6}(OH){sub 1.4}){sub 2}·2.7H{sub 2}O (I) and β-[H{sub 3}tren]·(TiF{sub 4.5}(OH){sub 1.5})·(F) (II) are described for the first time. The third compound, α-[H{sub 3}tren]·(TiF{sub 4.7}(OH){sub 1.3})·(F) (III), was previously reported as a pure fluorotitanate. The structure determinations are performed from single crystal (I) and powder (II) X-ray diffraction data. The F{sup −}/OH{sup −} substitution, expected from the presence of water in the reaction medium, is characterized by chemical analyses and {sup 19}F MAS solid state NMR experiments: all three structures are built up from Ti(F,OH){sub 6}{sup 2−} octahedra and “free” fluoride ions or water molecules. “Free” fluoride ions are not affected by F{sup −}/OH{sup −} substitution. The electroneutrality is ensured by triprotonated or tetraprotonated tren amines which adopt specific configurations. Additionally, based on the analysis of [H{sub 3}tren]{sup 3+} or [H{sub 4}tren]{sup 4+} hydroxo/oxo/fluorometalates, a classification of the configurations of tren cations is proposed. - Graphical abstract: The ratio of the relative intensities of the {sup 19}F NMR lines assigned to F atoms belonging to isolated TiF{sub 6−x}(OH){submore » x} octahedra and to “free” fluoride ions shows that the F{sup −}/OH{sup −} substitution concerns only F atoms bonded to titanium. - Highlights: • Three tren templated hydroxyfluorotitanates(IV) have been solvothermally synthesized. • They are built up from Ti(F,OH){sub 6}{sup 2−} octahedra and “free” F{sup −} ions or H{sub 2}O molecules. • F{sup −}/OH{sup −} substitution does not affect “free” F{sup −} sites. • [H{sub 4}tren]{sup 4+} and [H{sub 3}tren]{sup 3+} cations adopt specific configurations. • A classification of the configurations of tren cations is proposed.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22443387
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 217; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; AMINES; AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS; CATIONS; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; ETHANOL; FLUORINE 19; HYBRIDIZATION; MICROWAVE HEATING; MOLECULES; MONOCRYSTALS; NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE; POWDERS; SOLIDS; TITANATES; TITANIUM; TITANIUM FLUORIDES; TITANIUM OXIDES; WATER; X-RAY DIFFRACTION