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Title: Understanding the infrared to visible upconversion luminescence properties of Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped BaMoO{sub 4} nanocrystals

In this paper we report the infrared to visible upconversion luminescence properties of Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped BaMoO{sub 4} nanocrystals synthesized via microwave assisted sol–gel processing route. Structural, morphological and upconversion luminescence properties were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV–vis DRS) and Upconversion Photoluminescence spectra analysis. Results revealed that the oval shaped BaMoO{sub 4} nanocrystals ranging in size from 40 to 60 nm having tetragonal scheelite crystal structure were obtained by sol–gel route. The infrared to visible upconversion luminescence has been investigated in Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped in BaMoO{sub 4}with different Yb{sup 3+} concentrations. Intense green upconversion emissions around 528, 550 nm, and red emission at 657 nm corresponding to the {sup 2}H{sub 11/2}, {sup 4}S{sub 3/2}, and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} transitions, respectively to the {sup 4}I{sub 15/2} ground state were observed when excited by CW laser radiation at 980 nm. The green emissions were greatly enhanced after the addition of sensitizer (Yb{sup 3+} ions). The effect of Yb{sup 3+} on the upconversion luminescence intensity was analyzed and explained in terms of the energy transfer process based. The reported work establishes the understanding of molybdates as an alternative host material for upconversionmore » luminescence. - Graphical abstract: Infrared to visible upconversion luminescence of Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped BaMoO{sub 4} nanocrystals. - Highlights: • Nanocrystals were synthesized by microwave assisted sol–gel processing route. • Strong green emissions were observed in Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} co-doped BaMoO{sub 4} nanocrystals. • Provides an insight on Upconversion luminescence properties of oxides host materials.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Research Center for Eco-Multifunctional Nanomaterials, SunMoon University, Asan (Korea, Republic of)
  2. Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica, A. P.1-948, León, Gto. 37150 (Mexico)
  3. Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22443368
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 216; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; DEUTERIUM; DOPED MATERIALS; ERBIUM IONS; GELS; GROUND STATES; MICROWAVE RADIATION; MOLYBDATES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; SENSITIZERS; SOLS; SPECTRA; SPECTROSCOPY; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; YTTERBIUM IONS