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Title: Uncertainties in Astrophysical β-decay Rates from the FRDM

β{sup −}-decay rates are of crucial importance in stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis, as they are a key component in stellar processes. Tabulated values of the decay rates as functions of both temperature T and density ρ are necessary input to stellar evolution codes such as MESA, or largescale nucleosynthesis simulations such as those performed by the NuGrid collaboration. Therefore, it is interesting to know the uncertainties in these rates and the effects of these uncertainties on stellar structure and isotopic yields. We have calculated β-strength functions and reaction rates for nuclei ranging from {sup 16}O to {sup 339}136, extending from the proton drip line to the neutron drip line based on a quasi-particle random-phase approximation (QRPA) in a deformed folded-Yukawa single-particle model. Q values are determined from the finite-range droplet mass model (FRDM). We have investigated the effect of model uncertainty on astrophysical β{sup −}-decay rates calculated by the FRDM. The sources of uncertainty considered are Q values and deformation. The rates and their uncertainties are generated for a variety of temperature and density ranges, corresponding to key stellar processes. We demonstrate the effects of these rate uncertainties on isotopic abundances using the NuGrid network calculations.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)
  2. Astrophysics Group, Lennard Jones Building, Keele University, ST5 5BG (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22436719
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nuclear Data Sheets; Journal Volume: 120; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; BETA-MINUS DECAY; NEUTRONS; NUCLEOSYNTHESIS; OXYGEN 16; PROTONS; Q-VALUE; RANDOM PHASE APPROXIMATION; REACTION KINETICS; SINGLE-PARTICLE MODEL; STAR EVOLUTION; STRENGTH FUNCTIONS