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Title: Effective interaction between a colloid and a soft interface near criticality

Within mean-field theory we determine the universal scaling function for the effective force acting on a single colloid located near the interface between two coexisting liquid phases of a binary liquid mixture close to its critical consolute point. This is the first study of critical Casimir forces emerging from the confinement of a fluctuating medium by at least one shape responsive, soft interface, instead of by rigid walls only as studied previously. For this specific system, our semi-analytical calculation illustrates that knowledge of the colloid-induced, deformed shape of the interface allows one to accurately describe the effective interaction potential between the colloid and the interface. Moreover, our analysis demonstrates that the critical Casimir force involving a deformable interface is accurately described by a universal scaling function, the shape of which differs from that one for rigid walls.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Max-Planck-Institut für Intelligente Systeme, Heisenbergstr. 3, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany and IV. Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22436619
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 141; Journal Issue: 13; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CASIMIR EFFECT; COLLOIDS; CRITICALITY; INTERACTIONS; INTERFACES; LIQUIDS; MEAN-FIELD THEORY; MIXTURES