skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: How far do electrons delocalize?

Electron delocalization is central to chemical bonding, but it is also a fundamentally nonclassical and nonintuitive quantum mechanical phenomenon. Tools to quantify and visualize electron delocalization help to understand, teach, and predict chemical reactivity. We develop a new approach to quantify and visualize electron delocalization in real space. Our electron delocalization range function EDR(r{sup -vector};u) quantifies the degree to which electrons at point r{sup -vector} in a calculated wavefunction delocalize over length scale u. Its predictions are physically reasonable. For example, EDR(r{sup -vector};u=0.25 bohr) is close to one at points r{sup -vector} in the cores of first-row atoms, consistent with the localization of core electrons to ∼0.25 bohr. EDR(r{sup -vector};u=1 bohr) is close to one at points r{sup -vector} in typical covalent bonds, consistent with electrons delocalizing over the length of the bond. Our approach provides a rich representation of atomic shell structure; covalent and ionic bonding; the delocalization of excited states, defects, and solvated electrons; metallic and insulating systems; and bond stretching and strong correlation.
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Texas Christian University Fort Worth, Texas 76129 (United States)
  2. Gaussian, Inc., 340 Quinnipiac St., Bldg. 40 , Wallingford, Connecticut 06492 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22436570
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 141; Journal Issue: 14; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ATOMS; CHEMICAL BONDS; CORRELATIONS; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; EXCITED STATES; REACTIVITY; SOLVATED ELECTRONS