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Title: Escherichia coli surface display of single-chain antibody VRC01 against HIV-1 infection

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transmission and infection occur mainly via the mucosal surfaces. The commensal bacteria residing in these surfaces can potentially be employed as a vehicle for delivering inhibitors to prevent HIV-1 infection. In this study, we have employed a bacteria-based strategy to display a broadly neutralizing antibody VRC01, which could potentially be used to prevent HIV-1 infection. The VRC01 antibody mimics CD4-binding to gp120 and has broadly neutralization activities against HIV-1. We have designed a construct that can express the fusion peptide of the scFv-VRC01 antibody together with the autotransporter β-barrel domain of IgAP gene from Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which enabled surface display of the antibody molecule. Our results indicate that the scFv-VRC01 antibody molecule was displayed on the surface of the bacteria as demonstrated by flow cytometry and immunofluorescence microscopy. The engineered bacteria can capture HIV-1 particles via surface-binding and inhibit HIV-1 infection in cell culture. - Highlights: • Designed single-chain VRC01 antibody was demonstrated to bind HIV-1 envelope gp120. • Single-chain VRC01 antibody was successfully displayed on the surface of E. coli. • Engineered bacteria can absorb HIV-1 particles and prevent HIV-1 infection in cell culture.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Nebraska Center for Virology, Lincoln, NE (United States)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22435087
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Virology; Journal Volume: 475; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; AIDS VIRUS; ANTIBODIES; CELL CULTURES; ESCHERICHIA COLI; GENES; MICROSCOPY; MOLECULES; PEPTIDES; PETROLEUM RESIDUES