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Title: Characterization of Coffee ringspot virus-Lavras: A model for an emerging threat to coffee production and quality

The emergence of viruses in Coffee (Coffea arabica and Coffea canephora), the most widely traded agricultural commodity in the world, is of critical concern. The RNA1 (6552 nt) of Coffee ringspot virus is organized into five open reading frames (ORFs) capable of encoding the viral nucleocapsid (ORF1p), phosphoprotein (ORF2p), putative cell-to-cell movement protein (ORF3p), matrix protein (ORF4p) and glycoprotein (ORF5p). Each ORF is separated by a conserved intergenic junction. RNA2 (5945 nt), which completes the bipartite genome, encodes a single protein (ORF6p) with homology to RNA-dependent RNA polymerases. Phylogenetic analysis of L protein sequences firmly establishes CoRSV as a member of the recently proposed Dichorhavirus genus. Predictive algorithms, in planta protein expression, and a yeast-based nuclear import assay were used to determine the nucleophillic character of five CoRSV proteins. Finally, the temperature-dependent ability of CoRSV to establish systemic infections in an initially local lesion host was quantified. - Highlights: • We report genome sequence determination for Coffee ringspot virus (CoRSV). • CoRSV should be considered a member of the proposed Dichorhavirus genus. • We report temperature-dependent systemic infection of an initially local lesion host. • We report in planta protein and localization data for five CoRSV proteins. • In silicomore » predictions of the CoRSV proteins were validated using in vivo assays.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Universidade Federal de Lavras, Departamento de Fitopatologia, Caixa Postal 3037, CEP 37200-000 Lavras, MG (Brazil)
  2. Department of Plant Pathology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22435058
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Virology; Journal Volume: 464-465; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ALGORITHMS; AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; BEVERAGES; BRAZIL; CLIMATIC CHANGE; GLOBAL ASPECTS; GLYCOPROTEINS; HOST; IN VIVO; PHOSPHOPROTEINS; RNA; RNA POLYMERASES; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; VIRUSES; YEASTS