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Title: Nuclear envelope breakdown induced by herpes simplex virus type 1 involves the activity of viral fusion proteins

Herpesvirus infection reorganizes components of the nuclear lamina usually without loss of integrity of the nuclear membranes. We report that wild-type HSV infection can cause dissolution of the nuclear envelope in transformed mouse embryonic fibroblasts that do not express torsinA. Nuclear envelope breakdown is accompanied by an eight-fold inhibition of virus replication. Breakdown of the membrane is much more limited during infection with viruses that lack the gB and gH genes, suggesting that breakdown involves factors that promote fusion at the nuclear membrane. Nuclear envelope breakdown is also inhibited during infection with virus that does not express UL34, but is enhanced when the US3 gene is deleted, suggesting that envelope breakdown may be enhanced by nuclear lamina disruption. Nuclear envelope breakdown cannot compensate for deletion of the UL34 gene suggesting that mixing of nuclear and cytoplasmic contents is insufficient to bypass loss of the normal nuclear egress pathway. - Highlights: • We show that wild-type HSV can induce breakdown of the nuclear envelope in a specific cell system. • The viral fusion proteins gB and gH are required for induction of nuclear envelope breakdown. • Nuclear envelope breakdown cannot compensate for deletion of the HSV UL34 gene.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Department of Microbiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 (United States)
  2. Department of Neurology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)
  3. Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, OR 97201 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22435045
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Virology; Journal Volume: 460-461; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; BREAKDOWN; BYPASSES; DISSOLUTION; FIBROBLASTS; GENES; HERPES SIMPLEX; INHIBITION; MEMBRANES; MICE; PROTEINS; VIRUSES