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Title: Measurement of tritium with plastic scintillator surface improvement with plasma treatment

Tritium is usually measured by using a liquid scintillation counter. However, liquid scintillator used for measurement will become radioactive waste fluid. To solve this issue, we have developed a method of measuring tritium samples with plasma-treated plastic scintillator (PS)sheets (Plasma method). The radioactive sample is held between 2 PS sheets and the whole is enclosed in a a low-potassium glass vial. With the Plasma method of 2-min plasma treatment, we have obtained measurement efficiency of 48 ± 2 % for 2 min measurement of tritium except for tritiated water. The plasma treatment makes the PS surface rough and hydrophilic which contributes to improve the contact between tritium and PS. On the other hand, it needed almost 6 hours to obtain constant measurement efficiency. The reason was that the dry-up handling in the vial needed longer time to vaporize H{sub 2}O molecules than in the air. We tried putting silica gel beads into vials to remove H{sub 2}O molecules from PS sheet surface quickly. The silica gel beads worked well and we got constant measurement efficiency within 1-3 hours. Also, we tried using other kinds of PS treated with plasma to obtain higher measurement efficiencies of tritium samples.
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3]
  1. Ochanomizu University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (Japan)
  2. Tokai University, Hiratsuka-shi, Kanagawa (Japan)
  3. Hitachi Aloka Medical, Mure, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22429790
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Fusion Science and Technology; Journal Volume: 67; Journal Issue: 3; Conference: TRITIUM 2013: 10. International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology, Nice Acropolis (France), 21-25 Oct 2013; Other Information: Country of input: France; 7 refs.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; EFFICIENCY; LIQUID SCINTILLATION DETECTORS; PLASMA; POTASSIUM; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; SILICA GEL; SURFACES; TRITIUM; TRITIUM OXIDES; WATER VAPOR