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Title: Combustion water purification techniques influence on OBT analysing using liquid scintillation counting method

In order to determine organically bound tritium (OBT) from environmental samples, these must be converted into water, measurable by liquid scintillation counting (LSC). For this purpose we conducted some experiments to determine OBT level of a grass sample collected from an uncontaminated area. The studied grass sample was combusted in a Parr bomb. However usual interfering phenomena were identified: color or chemical quench, chemiluminescence, overlap over tritium spectrum because of other radionuclides presence as impurities ({sup 14}C from organically compounds, {sup 36}Cl as chloride and free chlorine, {sup 40}K as potassium cations) and emulsion separation. So the purification of the combustion water before scintillation counting appeared to be essential. 5 purification methods were tested: distillation with chemical treatment (Na{sub 2}O{sub 2} and KMnO{sub 4}), lyophilization, chemical treatment (Na{sub 2}O{sub 2} and KMnO{sub 4}) followed by lyophilization, azeotropic distillation with toluene and treatment with a volcanic tuff followed by lyophilization. After the purification step each sample was measured and the OBT measured concentration, together with physico-chemical analysis of the water analyzed, revealed that the most efficient method applied for purification of the combustion water was the method using chemical treatment followed by lyophilization.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. National Institute for Cryogenics and Isotopic Technologies, Valcea (Romania)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22429782
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Fusion Science and Technology; Journal Volume: 67; Journal Issue: 3; Conference: TRITIUM 2013: 10. International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology, Nice Acropolis (France), 21-25 Oct 2013; Other Information: Country of input: France; 12 refs.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CARBON 14; CHEMILUMINESCENCE; CHLORIDES; CHLORINE; CHLORINE 36; COMBUSTION; LYOPHILIZATION; MANGANESE OXIDES; POTASSIUM; POTASSIUM 40; POTASSIUM COMPOUNDS; SCINTILLATION COUNTING; SODIUM OXIDES; TRITIUM; WATER