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Title: Highly tritiated water processing by isotopic exchange

Highly tritiated water (HTW) is produced in fusion machines and one of the promising technologies to process it is isotopic exchange. 3 kinds of Pt-catalyzed zeolite (13X-APG, CBV-100-CY and HiSiv-1000) were tested as candidates for isotopic exchange of highly tritiated water (HTW), and CBV-100-CY (Na-Y type with a SiO{sub 2}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} ratio of ∼ 5.0) shows the best performance. Small-scale tritium testing indicates that this method is efficient for reaching an exchange factor (EF) of 100. Full-scale non-tritium testing implies that an EF of 300 can be achieved in 24 hours of operation if a temperature gradient is applied along the column. For the isotopic exchange, deuterium recycled from the Isotope Separation System (deuterium with 1% T and/or 200 ppm T) should be employed, and the tritiated water regenerated from the Pt-catalyzed zeolite bed after isotopic exchange should be transferred to Water Detritiation System (WDS) for further processing.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ; ;  [2]
  1. ITER Organization, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)
  2. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Tritium Laboratory Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22429767
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Fusion Science and Technology; Journal Volume: 67; Journal Issue: 3; Conference: TRITIUM 2013: 10. International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology, Nice Acropolis (France), 21-25 Oct 2013; Other Information: Country of input: France; 5 refs.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; DEUTERIUM; ISOTOPIC EXCHANGE; PLATINUM; PROCESSING; SILICA; SILICON OXIDES; THERMONUCLEAR REACTIONS; TRITIUM; TRITIUM OXIDES; ZEOLITES