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Title: Evaluation of the response of tritium-in-air instrumentation to HT in dry and humid conditions and to HTO vapor

Nuclear plant operators (power generation, decommissioning and reprocessing operations) are required to monitor releases of tritium species for regulatory compliance and radiation protection purposes. Tritium monitoring is performed using tritium-in-air gas monitoring instrumentation based either on flow-through ion chambers or proportional counting systems. Tritium-in-air monitors are typically calibrated in dry conditions but in service may operate at elevated levels of relative humidity. The NPL (National Physical Laboratory) radioactive gas-in-air calibration system has been used to study the effect of humidity on the response to tritium of two tritium-in-air ion chamber based monitors and one proportional counting system which uses a P10/air gas mixture. The response of these instruments to HTO vapour has also been evaluated. In each case, instrument responses were obtained for HT in dry conditions (relative humidity (RH) about 2%), HT in 45% RH, and finally HTO at 45% RH. Instrumentation response to HT in humid conditions has been found to slightly exceed that in dry conditions. (authors)
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. National Physical Laboratory, Teddington (United Kingdom)
  2. Grenoble Institute of Technology - Phelma, Grenoble (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22429757
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Fusion Science and Technology; Journal Volume: 67; Journal Issue: 3; Conference: TRITIUM 2013: 10. International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology, Nice Acropolis (France), 21-25 Oct 2013; Other Information: Country of input: France; 5 refs.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; AIR; DECOMMISSIONING; HUMIDITY; IONIZATION CHAMBERS; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; POWER GENERATION; RADIATION MONITORS; RADIATION PROTECTION; REPROCESSING; TRITIUM; TRITIUM OXIDES; VAPORS