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Title: Tritium accountancy in fusion systems

The US Department of Energy (DOE) has clearly defined requirements for nuclear material control and accountability (MCA) of tritium whereas the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) does not since tritium is not a fissile material. MCA requirements are expected for tritium fusion machines and will be dictated by the host country or regulatory body where the machine is operated. Material Balance Areas (MBA) are defined to aid in the tracking and reporting of nuclear material movements and inventories. Material sub-accounts (MSA) are established along with key measurement points (KMP) to further subdivide a MBA to localize and minimize uncertainties in the inventory difference (ID) calculations for tritium accountancy. Fusion systems try to minimize tritium inventory which may require continuous movement of material through the MSA. The ability of making meaningful measurements of these material transfers is described in terms of establishing the MSA structure to perform and reconcile ID calculations. For fusion machines, changes to the traditional ID equation will be discussed which includes breeding, burn-up, and retention of tritium in the fusion device. The concept of 'net' tritium quantities consumed or lost in fusion devices is described in terms of inventory taking strategies and how it is used tomore » track the accumulation of tritium in components or fusion machines. (authors)« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC (United States)
  2. Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, Aiken, SC (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22429731
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Fusion Science and Technology; Journal Volume: 67; Journal Issue: 2; Conference: TRITIUM 2013: 10. International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology, Nice Acropolis (France), 21-25 Oct 2013; Other Information: Country of input: France; 2 refs.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; BREEDING; BURNUP; CONTROL; FISSILE MATERIALS; IAEA; MATERIAL BALANCE AREA; NUCLEAR MATERIALS MANAGEMENT; THERMONUCLEAR DEVICES; TRITIUM