Progresses in tritium accident modelling in the frame of IAEA EMRAS II
The assessment of the environmental impact of tritium release from nuclear facilities is a topic of interest in many countries. In the IAEA's Environmental Modelling for Radiation Safety (EMRAS I) programme, progresses for routine releases were done and in the EMRAS II programme a dedicated working group (WG 7 - Tritium Accidents) focused on the potential accidental releases (liquid and atmospheric pathways). The progresses achieved in WG 7 were included in a complex report - a technical document of IAEA covering both liquid and atmospheric accidental release consequences. A brief description of the progresses achieved in the frame of EMRAS II WG 7 is presented. Important results have been obtained concerning washout rate, the deposition on the soil of HTO and HT, the HTO uptake by leaves and the subsequent conversion to OBT (organically bound tritium) during daylight. Further needs of the processes understanding and the experimental efforts are emphasised.
- 'Horia Hulubei' National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania)
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Resource Type:
- Journal Article
- Resource Relation:
- Journal Name: Fusion Science and Technology; Journal Volume: 67; Journal Issue: 2; Conference: TRITIUM 2013: 10. International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology, Nice Acropolis (France), 21-25 Oct 2013; Other Information: Country of input: France; 13 refs.
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; IAEA; LIQUIDS; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; RADIATION ACCIDENTS; RADIATION PROTECTION; SIMULATION; SOILS; TRITIUM; TRITIUM OXIDES; UPTAKE