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Title: Morphology and structure features of ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinel nanoparticles prepared by matrix-isolation-assisted calcination

Graphical abstract: The substrate ZnO as the isolation medium is effective in preventing the sintering and agglomeration of ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles, and it also prevents their contamination. High purity, well-dispersed, and single-crystal ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles with 3.72 eV band gap were obtained. - Abstract: Well-dispersed ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinel nanoparticles with an average crystalline size of 25.7 nm were synthesized successfully and easily by polymer-network and matrix-isolation-assisted calcination. The product microstructure and features were investigated by X-ray diffractometry, thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, N{sub 2} adsorption–desorption isotherms, and energy dispersive X-ray spectra. The morphology and optical performance of the as-prepared ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscopy, and photoluminescence spectrometer. Experimental results indicate that excess ZnO acted as the isolation medium is effective in preventing the sintering and agglomeration of ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles, and it also prevents their contamination. Then, high purity and well-dispersed ZnAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanoparticles with single-crystal structure were obtained.
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Physics Department, Shangqiu Normal University, Shangqiu 476000 (China)
  2. Physics Department, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 404100 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420740
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 61; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ADSORPTION; AGGLOMERATION; ALUMINATES; CALCINATION; DESORPTION; DIFFERENTIAL THERMAL ANALYSIS; MICROSTRUCTURE; MONOCRYSTALS; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; POLYMERS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; SUBSTRATES; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY SPECTRA; ZINC OXIDES