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Title: Electrochemical and microstructural characterization of magnetron-sputtered ATO thin films as Li–ion storage materials

Highlights: • Nano-structured ATO thin films prepared by RF magnetron sputtering at 25 °C, 100 °C and 200 °C, respectively. • ATO thin films show a high reversible capacity and high rate performance. • Electrochemical reaction mechanism of the ATO thin film was revealed by transmission electron microscopy. - Abstract: Sb-doped SnO{sub 2} (ATO) nanostructured thin films were prepared by using radio frequency magnetron sputtering at the substrate temperatures of 25 °C, 100 °C and 200 °C, respectively. All the ATO thin films have the similar redox characteristics in the cyclic voltammetry measurements. The ATO thin film sputtered at 200 °C shows the lowest charge transfer resistance and best electrochemical performance, and has a high reversible capacity of 679 mA h g{sup −1} at 100 mA g{sup −1} after 200 charge–discharge cycles and high rate performance of 483 mA h g{sup −1} at 800 mA g{sup −1}. The electrochemical mechanisms were investigated by analyzing the phase evolution of the ATO electrodes that had been electrochemically induced at various stages. The results reveal that the ATO underwent reversible lithiation/delithiation processes during the electrochemical cycles, i.e., the SnO{sub 2} reacted with Li{sup +} to produce metallic Sn and followed by the formationmore » of the Li{sub x}Sn alloys during discharge process, and then Li{sub x}Sn alloys de-alloyed, Sn reacted with Li{sub 2}O, and even partially formed SnO{sub 2} during charge process.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China)
  2. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420735
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 61; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ANTIMONY COMPOUNDS; CAPACITY; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; LITHIUM IONS; LITHIUM OXIDES; MAGNETRONS; MICROSTRUCTURE; NANOSTRUCTURES; RADIOWAVE RADIATION; REACTION KINETICS; SPUTTERING; SUBSTRATES; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; THIN FILMS; TIN OXIDES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; VOLTAMETRY