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Title: Controllable synthesis of mesoporous Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoflake array and its application for supercapacitor

Graphical abstract: Electrodeposited mesoporous Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoflake arrays exhibit porous structure composed of mesoporous nanoflakes and high supercapacitor performance. - Highlights: • Mesoporous Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoflake arrays are prepared via electrodeposition method. • Mesoporous nanowall arrays are favorable for fast ion/electron transfer. • Mesoporous Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoflake arrays show excellent supercapacitor performance. - Abstract: A mesoporous Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoflake array grown on carbon cloth is prepared by a facile electrodeposition method with a following annealing process. The as-prepared Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoflake possesses a continuous mesopores ranging from 2 to 5 nm and grows tightly on the substrate forming a porous net-like structure with macropores of 20–200 nm. The electrochemical performance of the mesoporous Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoflake arrays as pseudocapcitor electrode are investigated by cyclic voltammograms and galvanostatic charge/discharge tests in 2 M KOH. The as-prepared Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} array exhibits a high discharge capacitance and excellent rate capability with 450 F g{sup −1}, 436 F g{sup −1}, 408 F g{sup −1}, 380 F g{sup −1}and 363 F g{sup −1} at 1, 2, 4, 10, and 20 A g{sup −1}, respectively. The specific capacitance of 81% is maintained from 1 A g{sup −1} to 20more » A g{sup −1}. The electrode also shows rather good cycling stability and exhibits a specific capacitance of 414 F g{sup −1} after 5000 cycles.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420731
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 60; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ANNEALING; CAPACITANCE; CARBON; COBALT OXIDES; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; ELECTRODEPOSITION; ELECTRON TRANSFER; NANOSTRUCTURES; POROUS MATERIALS; POTASSIUM HYDROXIDES; SUBSTRATES; SYNTHESIS; THIN FILMS