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Title: Soft chemical synthesis of Ag{sub 3}SbS{sub 3} with efficient and recyclable visible light photocatalytic properties

Highlights: • Highly crystalline Ag{sub 3}SbS{sub 3} synthesized using soft chemical approach. • First time report of photocatalytic activity of Ag{sub 3}SbS{sub 3}. • Ag{sub 3}SbS{sub 3} degraded the harmful organic dyes rapidly under visible radiation. • Pseudo first order kinetics have been followed in these sets of reactions. • Up to 90% of Methylene Blue degraded even after 4th cycle of catalyst reuse. • Structure of catalyst is intact after reuse. • As the catalyst is heavy, its separation after use is quite simple. - Abstract: Application of Ag{sub 3}SbS{sub 3}, obtained by soft chemical approach involving rapid reaction of air stable metal–thiourea complexes in ethylene glycol medium, as visible light photocatalyst for the degradation of dye solutions was investigated. Ag{sub 3}SbS{sub 3} was confirmed by high resolution powder X-ray diffraction pattern and its no defined morphology was present in SEM images. From UV–vis spectroscopy measurements, optical band gap of 1.77 eV was deduced for Ag{sub 3}SbS{sub 3}. Rapid degradation kinetics and recyclability was exhibited by Ag{sub 3}SbS{sub 3} towards Methylene Blue, Methyl Orange, Malachite Green, and Rhodamine 6G dye solutions under visible radiation. All these processes followed pseudo first order kinetics. High surface area (6.39 m{sup 2}/g), withmore » mesopores (3.81 nm), arising from solvent mediated synthesis of Ag{sub 3}SbS{sub 3} has been correlated to its catalytic activity.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420726
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 60; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; ANTIMONIDES; CATALYSTS; ENERGY GAP; GLYCOLS; METHYL ORANGE; METHYLENE BLUE; MORPHOLOGY; PHOTOCATALYSIS; POWDERS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SILVER SULFIDES; SOLVENTS; SURFACE AREA; SYNTHESIS; THIOUREA; VISIBLE RADIATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION