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Title: Ferrous sulfate based low temperature synthesis and magnetic properties of nickel ferrite nanostructures

Highlights: • Novel low temperature synthesis of nickel ferrite nanoparticles. • Comparison with two conventional synthesis techniques including hydrothermal method. • XRD results confirm the formation of crystalline nickel ferrites at 110 °C. • Superparamagnetic particles with applications in drug delivery and hyperthermia. • Magnetic properties superior to conventional methods found in new process. - Abstract: We report a simple, low temperature and surfactant free co-precipitation method for the preparation of nickel ferrite nanostructures using ferrous sulfate as the iron precursor. The products obtained from this method were compared for their physical properties with nickel ferrites produced through conventional co-precipitation and hydrothermal methods which used ferric nitrate as the iron precursor. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the synthesis of single phase inverse spinel nanocrystalline nickel ferrites at temperature as low as 110 °C in the low temperature method. Electron microscopy analysis on the samples revealed the formation of nearly spherical nanostructures in the size range of 20–30 nm which are comparable to other conventional methods. Vibrating sample magnetometer measurements showed the formation of superparamagnetic particles with high magnetic saturation 41.3 emu/g which corresponds well with conventional synthesis methods. The spontaneous synthesis of the nickel ferrite nanoparticles by the low temperature synthesismore » method was attributed to the presence of 0.808 kJ mol{sup −1} of excess Gibbs free energy due to ferrous sulfate precursor.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Nanotechnology Research Center, SRM University, SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District, TN 603203 (India)
  2. Department of Physics and Nanotechnology, SRM University, SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District, TN 603203 (India)
  3. Department of Pharmacy Practice, SRM University, SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District, TN 603203 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420717
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 60; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COPRECIPITATION; CRYSTALS; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; FERRITE; FERRITES; FREE ENTHALPY; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; HYPERTHERMIA; IRON; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; NICKEL COMPOUNDS; NITRATES; SULFATES; SUPERPARAMAGNETISM; VIBRATING SAMPLE MAGNETOMETERS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION