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Title: Dielectric and magnetic properties of xCoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}–(1 − x)[0.5Ba(Zr{sub 0.2}Ti{sub 0.8})O{sub 3}–0.5(Ba{sub 0.7}Ca{sub 0.3})TiO{sub 3}] composites

Highlights: • Spinel–perovskite xCoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}–(1 − x)(0.5Ba(Zr{sub 0.2}Ti{sub 0.8})O{sub 3}–0.5(Ba{sub 0.7}Ca{sub 0.3})TiO{sub 3}) composites have been synthesized by solid state reaction method. • Two anomalies in dielectric constant have been identified, and the composites show relaxor behaviour. • The magnetic properties of the composites improve with increasing concentration of CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}. • Enhanced magnetodielectric effect is found, and magnetoelectric coupling has been confirmed by Δϵ ∼ γM{sup 2} relation. • Optical band gap energy of these composites has been reported for the first time. - Abstract: xCoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}–(1 − x)(0.5Ba(Zr{sub 0.2}Ti{sub 0.8})O{sub 3}–0.5(Ba{sub 0.7}Ca{sub 0.3})TiO{sub 3}) composites with x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 have been synthesized by solid state reaction method. X-ray diffraction analysis and field emission secondary electron microscopy have been used for structural and morphological analysis, respectively. The spinel CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and perovskite 0.5Ba(Zr{sub 0.2}Ti{sub 0.8})O{sub 3}–0.5(Ba{sub 0.7}Ca{sub 0.3})TiO{sub 3} phase could be identified in the composites. Two anomalies in dielectric constant have been identified: first one is close to ferroelectric to paraelectric phase transition of 0.5Ba(Zr{sub 0.2}Ti{sub 0.8})O{sub 3}–0.5(Ba{sub 0.7}Ca{sub 0.3})TiO{sub 3} ceramic and the other lies near the magnetic transition temperature of CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}. There is an increase inmore » magnetocapacitance and saturation magnetization of the composites at room temperature with increase in CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} content. The magnetoelectric coupling coefficient (γ) was approximated by Δϵ ∼ γM{sup 2} relation. The optical band gap energy of the composites decreases with increase in CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} content.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Smart Materials Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247667 (India)
  2. Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247667 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420681
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 60; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; BARIUM COMPOUNDS; CERAMICS; COBALT COMPOUNDS; COBALT OXIDES; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; FIELD EMISSION; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; PERMITTIVITY; PEROVSKITE; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; SPINELS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; TITANATES; TITANIUM OXIDES; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE; X-RAY DIFFRACTION