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Title: Effect of the purity of starting materials on the growth and properties of potassium dihydrogen phosphate single crystals – A comparative study

Highlights: • Bulk size KDP crystal has been grown with higher growth rate. • Systematic study on the effect of starting materials has been done. • Crystalline perfection is maintained in the entire crystal. - Abstract: A systematic study on the effect of purity of starting materials on the growth and properties of potassium dihydrogen phosphate single crystals is crucial for the future study of the material for nonlinear optical applications. Potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals were grown using high pure (99.999%) and ordinary (99.9%) starting raw materials using slow cooling method in identical conditions. Their optical transparency and crystalline perfection are studied by UV and high resolution X-ray diffraction analyses respectively. The results are checked with the help of etching analyses. The full width at half maximum is 8″ which is close to that expected from the plane wave theory of dynamical X-ray diffraction for an ideally perfect crystal. Results of those studies are correlated with each other. The quantitative results show that the raw material plays an important role in the growth of good quality crystals.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Centre for Crystal Growth, SSN College of Engineering, Kalavakkam 603 110 (India)
  2. Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham 44150 (Thailand)
  3. School of Physics and NANOTEC-SUT Center of Excellence on Advanced Functional Nanomaterials, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, Muang 30000 (Thailand)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420643
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 59; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CRYSTAL GROWTH; ETCHING; HYDROGEN PHOSPHATES; MONOCRYSTALS; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; OPACITY; POTASSIUM COMPOUNDS; POTASSIUM PHOSPHATES; RAW MATERIALS; RESOLUTION; WAVE PROPAGATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION