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Title: Sodium doping effect on physicochemical properties of K{sub 1−x}Na{sub x}CaPb{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) for the determination of mercury(II): Application in seawater samples

Highlights: • The apatite, K{sub 1−x}Na{sub x}CaPb{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} (0 ≤ x ≤ 1), was synthesized using reaction solid. • The obtained apatite was used to determine mercury in seawater samples from Morocco. • The effect of doping sodium into apatite on physic-chemical parameters was studied. • The influence of the electrochemical variables was investigated to determine mercury. - Abstract: A new chemically modified electrode was synthesized for the determination of mercury(II) using differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry (DPASV). The electrode was modified by lacunar apatite K{sub 1−x}Na{sub x}CaPb{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) synthesized using solid reaction. These powders were crystallized in the hexagonal system, space group P6{sub 3}/m. The effect of sodium content on structural, thermodynamic and electrochemical properties of prepared apatite has been studied. Therefore, the best results was obtained using NaCaPb{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} (x = 1) as modifier of carbon paste electrode for the electrochemical detection of mercury(II). The later ions were preconcentrated on the surface of the modified electrode and oxidized at 0.06 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The electroanalytical procedure comprises of two steps: the chemical accumulation of the analyte under open-circuit conditions followed by the electrochemical detection of the preconcentratedmore » species using differential pulse voltammetry. The different parameters that govern the two steps were optimized. A linear response was obtained in the concentration range from 1.0 mol L{sup −1} × 10{sup −4} mol L{sup −1} to 2.0 mol L{sup −1} × 10{sup −7} mol L{sup −1} Hg(II) after activation of the electrode surface under the optimized conditions. The standard deviation was evaluated in a high and low concentration of mercury(II). The values ​​obtained for seven consecutive measurements were 1.24% and 5.07% of 1.0 mol L{sup −1} × 10{sup −4} mol L{sup −1} and 5.0 mol L{sup −1} × 10{sup −6} mol L{sup −1} mercury(II) solutions respectively. The detection limit and quantification limit for mercury(II), calculated from nine times standard deviation of blank/slope of the calibration graph, were 1.086 mol L{sup −1} × 10{sup −8} mol L{sup −1} and 3.62 mol L{sup −1} × 10{sup −8} mol L{sup −1}, respectively. The proposed chemically modified electrode was applied to determine mercury(II) in seawater samples.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. University Hassan 1, Laboratoire de Chimie et Modélisation Mathématique, 25000 Khouribga (Morocco)
  2. (Morocco)
  3. University Hassan 1, Laboratoire Sciences des Matériaux, des Milieux et de la Modélisation, 25000 Khouribga (Morocco)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420634
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 59; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; APATITES; CALCIUM COMPOUNDS; CERAMICS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; GRAPH THEORY; HEXAGONAL LATTICES; LEAD PHOSPHATES; MERCURY; MOROCCO; POWDERS; SEAWATER; SILVER CHLORIDES; SODIUM COMPOUNDS; SYNTHESIS; THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES; VOLTAMETRY