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Title: Synthesis, characterization and electrochemical studies of nanostructured CaWO{sub 4} as platinum support for oxygen reduction reaction

Highlights: • Nanostructured CaWO{sub 4} was fabricated by co-precipitation method. • Platinum was electrodeposited onto the surface prepared nanostructured CaWO{sub 4}. • Pt/CaWO{sub 4}-graphite demonstrate good oxygen reduction reaction activity. - Abstract: In the present work, we employed nanostructured calcium tungstate as a supporting material for platinum, a well-known electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction. The co-precipitation method has been utilized to synthesize nanostructured calcium tungstate from aqueous solution. The structure and morphology of the obtained CaWO{sub 4} were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Preparation of the Pt/CaWO{sub 4}-graphite catalyst was carried out by electrodeposition of Pt onto the surface of CaWO{sub 4}/graphite electrode. The physical properties of the catalyst were determined by scanning electron microscopy analysis and energy dispersive X-ray (SEM/EDX). The electrochemical activity of the Pt/CaWO{sub 4}-graphite for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) was investigated in acid solution by cyclic voltammetry measurements, linear sweep voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results revealed that the Pt/CaWO{sub 4}-graphite has higher electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction in comparison with Pt/graphite catalyst.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, University of Birjand, 97175-615 Birjand (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
  2. (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420627
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 59; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS; CALCIUM; CALCIUM TUNGSTATES; COPRECIPITATION; ELECTROCATALYSTS; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; ELECTRODEPOSITION; GRAPHITE; IMPEDANCE; NANOSTRUCTURES; OXYGEN; PLATINUM; REDUCTION; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SPECTROSCOPY; SURFACES; SYNTHESIS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; VOLTAMETRY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION