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Title: Substrate temperature effect on the growth of carbon nanowalls synthesized via microwave PECVD

Highlights: • Well grown carbon nanowalls (CNWs) were obtained by using a microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) with methane and hydrogen gases on Si substrates. • CNWs were grown at the growth temperature of 850 °C showed the highest contact angle. • Raman analysis showed higher I{sub D}/I{sub G} value that the CNWs were grown at more than 850 °C growth temperature. - Abstract: A carbon nanowall (CNW) is a carbon-based nanomaterial that is constructed with vertical-structure graphenes. Thus, it effectively increases the reaction surface of electrodes. In this study, the substrate temperature effect on the growth of CNWs was investigated via microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) with methane (CH{sub 4}) and hydrogen (H{sub 2}) gases on silicon substrates. To find the growth mechanism of a CNW, its growth temperature was changed from 700 °C to 950 °C. The vertical and surface conditions of the grown CNWs according to the growth temperature were characterized via field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) measurements showed that the CNWs were composed solely of carbon.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Electrical Engineering, Hanbat National University, Daejeon 305-719 (Korea, Republic of)
  2. School of Information and Communication Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420581
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 58; Conference: IFFM2013: International forum on functional materials, Jeju City (Korea, Republic of), 27-29 Jun 2013; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION; ELECTRODES; FIELD EMISSION; GRAPHENE; HYDROGEN; METHANE; MICROWAVE RADIATION; NANOSTRUCTURES; PLASMA; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SILICON; SUBSTRATES; SURFACES; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY