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Title: Physical and electrochemical properties of spherical Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2}/MnO{sub 2} composite as a cathode for rechargeable lithium-ion battery

Graphical abstract: MnO{sub 2} was blended into pristine Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2} and Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2}/MnO{sub 2} composite was obtained. We can observe that the adding MnO{sub 2} in the composite participates in the electrochemical reaction and provide more active sites for lithiation/delithiation. - Highlights: • Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2}/MnO{sub 2} composite was synthesized by incorporation of MnO{sub 2} into spherical Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2}. • Properties of spherical Li-rich layered oxide can be greatly improved by adding MnO{sub 2}. • The reason for the improvement of Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2}/MnO{sub 2} by adding MnO{sub 2} was explained. - Abstract: Spherical Li-rich layered Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2} with high tap density and low specific surface area was synthesized. Furthermore, low cost and environmental benign MnO{sub 2} was blended into it and Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2}/MnO{sub 2} composite was obtained. The properties of the materials were investigated by XRD, SEM and electrochemical method. The results showed that the existence of MnO{sub 2} in the composites can't change the structure of the pristine Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2}. The electrochemical characteristics of Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{submore » 0.18}]O{sub 2}/MnO{sub 2} such as the initial coulombic efficiency, discharge capacity, rate characteristics and cyclability are much better than those of the pristine Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2}. The contribution of MnO{sub 2} to the excellent characteristics of the cathode is as follows: the existence of MnO{sub 2} (i) provides more active site for lithiation/delitiation and (ii) suppresses side interaction between cathode particle surface and electrolyte.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ; ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. Henan Kelong New Energy Co. Ltd., Xinxiang 453000 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420565
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 57; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CAPACITY; CATHODES; COBALT OXIDES; EFFICIENCY; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; ELECTROLYTES; LITHIUM COMPOUNDS; LITHIUM ION BATTERIES; LITHIUM IONS; MANGANESE OXIDES; MICROSTRUCTURE; NICKEL COMPOUNDS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SPECIFIC SURFACE AREA; SURFACES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION