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Title: A recyclable and highly active Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles/titanate nanowire catalyst for organic dyes degradation with peroxymonosulfate

Sodium ions of TNWs were exchanged with hydrogen ions, and this protocol was very suitable for capturing high density of cobalt ions. Meanwhile, the fabricated Co{sub 3}O{sub 4}/TNWs nano-material presented a highly catalytic and stable activity for dye degradation. - Highlights: • Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles were deposited on the pretreated TNWs surface. • The TNWs treated by hydrogen ions captures higher density of cobalt ions. • The Co{sub 3}O{sub 4}/TNWs catalyst possesses highly efficiency for dyes degradation with oxone. - Abstract: In this paper, we reported a recyclable and highly active porous catalyst of titanate nanowires (TNWs) coated with well-distributed Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles (NPs) (Co{sub 3}O{sub 4}/TNWs). Sodium ions of TNWs were exchanged with hydrogen ions in the dilute nitric acid, and this protocol was very suitable for capturing cobalt ions. X-ray diffraction (XRD) demonstrated the existence of Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} phase with unique lattice planes, such as (2 2 0), (3 1 1) and (5 1 1). Electron microscopes (FE-SEM and TEM) indicated that the Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} NPs with an average diameter of 22 ± 3 nm were coated uniformly on TNWs surface (average diameter: 37 ± 5.5 nm), and the Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} NPs mainlymore » exposed their (2 2 0) and (2 2 2) active planes. XPS analysis confirms the formation of Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} phase by the presence of Co 2p peaks at 780.1 eV (2p 3/2) and 795.5 eV (2p 1/2). Methylene blue (MB) and other organic dyes (rhodamine B (RhB) and methyl orange (MO)) were chosen as target compounds for catalytic degradation under indoor scattering light. Compared to the original Co{sub 3}O{sub 4}/TNWs catalyst, the catalytic efficiency of nanoscaled catalyst with oxone for MB was about 15 times higher, and the MB solution (10 mg L{sup −1}) was completely degraded within 8 min. The catalytic activity of recycled catalyst used in the sixth run still remained very active, and the degradation time for MB was only 16 min. The nanosized catalyst also had a high activity for dyes of RhB (10 mg L{sup −1}) and MO (10 mg L{sup −1}), as the degradation efficiencies of RhB and MO after 10 min of contact time were about 90.2% and 92.6%, respectively.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology, and Engineering Research Center for Eco-Dyeing and Finishing of Textiles, Ministry of Education, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018 (China)
  2. Valparaiso Department of Water Works, 205 Billings Street, Valparaiso, IN 46383 (United States)
  3. Institute of Microstructure and Properties of Advanced Materials, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124 (China)
  4. Groupe en Sciences des Radiations, Faculté de Médecine et des Sciences de la Santé, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC J1H 5N4 (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420556
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 57; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CATALYSTS; COBALT IONS; COBALT OXIDES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; HYDROGEN IONS; METHYL ORANGE; METHYLENE BLUE; NANOPARTICLES; NANOWIRES; PEROXIDES; POROUS MATERIALS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SODIUM IONS; SULFATES; TITANATES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; VISIBLE RADIATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY