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Title: Modified chemical synthesis of porous α-Sm{sub 2}S{sub 3} thin films

Highlights: • A novel chemical route to prepare α-Sm{sub 2}S{sub 3} thin films. • A porous honeycomb like morphology of the α-Sm{sub 2}S{sub 3} thin film. • An application of α-Sm{sub 2}S{sub 3} thin film toward its supercapacitive behaviour. - Abstract: The paper reports synthesis of porous α-Sm{sub 2}S{sub 3} thin films using modified chemical synthesis, also known as successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), wettability and ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy (UV–vis) techniques are used for the study of structural, elemental, morphological and optical properties of α-Sm{sub 2}S{sub 3} films. An orthorhombic crystal structure of α-Sm{sub 2}S{sub 3} is resulted from XRD study. The SEM and AFM observations showed highly porous α-Sm{sub 2}S{sub 3} film surface. An optical band gap of 2.50 eV is estimated from optical absorption spectrum. The porous α-Sm{sub 2}S{sub 3} thin film tuned for supercapacitive behaviour using cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge discharge showed a specific capacitance and energy density of 294 Fg{sup –1} and 48.9 kW kg{sup –1}, respectively in 1 M LiClO{sub 4}–propylene carbonate electrolyte.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Thin Film Physics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, (M.S.) 416004 (India)
  2. Rayat Shikshan Sanstha, Satara, (M.S.) 415 001 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420526
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 56; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; ADSORPTION; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; CARBONIC ACID ESTERS; ELECTROLYTES; LITHIUM PERCHLORATES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; POROUS MATERIALS; SAMARIUM SULFIDES; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; THIN FILMS; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; VOLTAMETRY; WETTABILITY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY