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Title: Clinical Outcomes and Late Endocrine, Neurocognitive, and Visual Profiles of Proton Radiation for Pediatric Low-Grade Gliomas

Purpose/Objective(s): Primary low-grade gliomas are common brain tumors of childhood, many of which require radiation therapy (RT) as definitive treatment. Increased conformality of RT could decrease the incidence and severity of late effects. We report our experience with 32 pediatric patients treated with proton RT. Methods and Materials: Thirty-two pediatric patients with low-grade gliomas of the brain or spinal cord were treated with proton RT from 1995 to 2007. Sixteen patients received at least 1 regimen of chemotherapy before definitive RT. The median radiation dose was 52.2 Gy{sub RBE} (48.6-54 Gy{sub RBE}). Results: The median age at treatment was 11.0 years (range, 2.7-21.5 years), with a median follow-up time of 7.6 years (range, 3.2-18.2 years). The 6-year and 8-year rates of progression-free survival were 89.7% and 82.8%, respectively, with an 8-year overall survival of 100%. For the subset of patients who received serial neurocognitive testing, there were no significant declines in Full-Scale Intelligence Quotient (P=.80), with a median neurocognitive testing interval of 4.5 years (range, 1.2-8.1 years) from baseline to follow-up, but subgroup analysis indicated some significant decline in neurocognitive outcomes for young children (<7 years) and those with significant dose to the left temporal lobe/hippocampus. The incidence of endocrinopathy correlated with a mean dose of ≥40more » Gy{sub RBE} to the hypothalamus, pituitary, or optic chiasm. Stabilization or improvement of visual acuity was achieved in 83.3% of patients at risk for radiation-induced injury to the optic pathways. Conclusions: This report of late effects in children with low-grade gliomas after proton RT is encouraging. Proton RT appears to be associated with good clinical outcome, especially when the tumor location allows for increased sparing of the left temporal lobe, hippocampus, and hypothalamic-pituitary axis.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [3] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [4]
  1. Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)
  2. Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)
  3. Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)
  4. Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)
  5. (United States)
  6. Department of Neurosurgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)
  7. Department of Radiation Oncology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)
  8. Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420394
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics; Journal Volume: 89; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; CHEMOTHERAPY; GLIOMAS; HIPPOCAMPUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; INJURIES; PATIENTS; PEDIATRICS; PROTON BEAMS; RADIATION DOSES; RADIOTHERAPY; SPINAL CORD