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Title: Cobalt, Linac, or Other: What Is the Best Solution for Radiation Therapy in Developing Countries?

The international growth of cancer and lack of available treatment is en route to become a global crisis. With >60% of cancer patients needing radiation therapy at some point during their treatment course, the lack of available facilities and treatment programs worldwide is extremely problematic. The number of deaths from treatable cancers is projected to increase to 11.5 million deaths in 2030 because the international population is aging and growing. In this review, we present how best to answer the need for radiation therapy facilities from a technical standpoint. Specifically, we examine whether cobalt teletherapy machines or megavoltage linear accelerator machines are best equipped to handle the multitudes in need of radiation therapy treatment in the developing world.
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7]
  1. Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem, North Carolina (United States)
  2. Tom Baker Cancer Centre, University of Calgary, Calgary (Canada)
  3. Overlook Medical Center, Summit, New Jersey (United States)
  4. Cleveland Clinic and Cleveland Clinic Lerner School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio (United States)
  5. Gamma West Cancer Services, Layton, Utah (United States)
  6. (www.radiatinghope.org) (United States)
  7. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420331
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics; Journal Volume: 89; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; COBALT; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; LINEAR ACCELERATORS; NEOPLASMS; PATIENTS; RADIOTHERAPY; REVIEWS