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Title: On square-wave-driven stochastic resonance for energy harvesting in a bistable system

Stochastic resonance is a physical phenomenon through which the throughput of energy within an oscillator excited by a stochastic source can be boosted by adding a small modulating excitation. This study investigates the feasibility of implementing square-wave-driven stochastic resonance to enhance energy harvesting. The motivating hypothesis was that such stochastic resonance can be efficiently realized in a bistable mechanism. However, the condition for the occurrence of stochastic resonance is conventionally defined by the Kramers rate. This definition is inadequate because of the necessity and difficulty in estimating white noise density. A bistable mechanism has been designed using an explicit analytical model which implies a new approach for achieving stochastic resonance in the paper. Experimental tests confirm that the addition of a small-scale force to the bistable system excited by a random signal apparently leads to a corresponding amplification of the response that we now term square-wave-driven stochastic resonance. The study therefore indicates that this approach may be a promising way to improve the performance of an energy harvester under certain forms of random excitation.
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 1538505 (Japan)
  2. Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 1538505 (Japan)
  3. Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 3JD (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22420174
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2014 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; DENSITY; EXCITATION; HARVESTING; OSCILLATORS; RESONANCE; STOCHASTIC PROCESSES