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Title: Ultrafast vibrational dynamics of BH{sub 4}{sup −} ions in liquid and crystalline environments

Ultrafast vibrational dynamics of BH{sub 4}{sup −} ions, the key units in boron hydride materials for hydrogen storage, are studied in diluted polar liquid solution and in NaBH{sub 4} crystallites by femtosecond infrared spectroscopy. Two-color pump-probe experiments reveal v = 1 lifetimes of 3 ps for the asymmetric BH{sub 4}{sup −} stretching mode ν{sub 3} and of 3.6 ps for the asymmetric bending mode ν{sub 4} in the solvent isopropylamine. We provide direct evidence for the BH{sub 4}{sup −} stretching relaxation pathway via the asymmetric bending mode ν{sub 4} by probing the latter after femtosecond excitation of ν{sub 3}. Pump-probe traces measured in the crystalline phase show signatures of radiative coupling between the densely packed BH{sub 4}{sup −} oscillators, most clearly manifested in an accelerated subpicosecond depopulation of the v = 1 state of the ν{sub 4} mode. The radiative decay is followed by incoherent vibrational relaxation similar to the liquid phase. The excess energy released in the relaxation processes of the BH{sub 4}{sup −} intramolecular modes is transferred into the environment with thermal pump-probe signals being much more pronounced in the dense solid than in the diluted solution.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie, D-12489 Berlin (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22419897
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 141; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; BORON HYDRIDES; HYDROGEN STORAGE; INFRARED SPECTRA; IONS; LIQUIDS; RADIATIVE DECAY; RELAXATION; SOLIDS; SOLUTIONS; SOLVENTS