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Title: TGFβ loss activates ADAMTS-1-mediated EGF-dependent invasion in a model of esophageal cell invasion

The TGFβ signaling pathway is essential to epithelial homeostasis and is often inhibited during progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Recently, an important role for TGFβ signaling has been described in the crosstalk between epithelial and stromal cells regulating squamous tumor cell invasion in mouse models of head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Loss of TGFβ signaling, in either compartment, leads to HNSCC however, the mechanisms involved are not well understood. Using organotypic reconstruct cultures (OTC) to model the interaction between epithelial and stromal cells that occur in dysplastic lesions, we show that loss of TGFβ signaling promotes an invasive phenotype in both fibroblast and epithelial compartments. Employing immortalized esophageal keratinocytes established to reproduce common mutations of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, we show that treatment of OTC with inhibitors of TGFβ signaling (A83-01 or SB431542) enhances invasion of epithelial cells into a fibroblast-embedded Matrigel/collagen I matrix. Invasion induced by A83-01 is independent of proliferation but relies on protease activity and expression of ADAMTS-1 and can be altered by matrix density. This invasion was associated with increased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, IL1 and EGFR ligands HB-EGF and TGFα. Altering EGF signaling prevented or induced epithelial cell invasion in this model. Loss ofmore » expression of the TGFβ target gene ROBO1 suggested that chemorepulsion may regulate keratinocyte invasion. Taken together, our data show increased invasion through inhibition of TGFβ signaling altered epithelial-fibroblasts interactions, repressing markers of activated fibroblasts, and altering integrin-fibronectin interactions. These results suggest that inhibition of TGFβ signaling modulates an array of pathways that combined promote multiple aspects of tumor invasion. - Highlights: • Chemical inhibition of TGFβ signaling advances collective invasion of esophageal keratinocytes. • Collective cell invasion is protease dependent and ADAMTS-1 is upregulated. • Inhibition of TGFβ signaling promotes EGF-mediated invasion. • Loss of TGFβ signaling promotes collagen binding and induces alterations in integrin expression. • The TGFβ target ROBO1 is downregulated in cell invasion implying mechanisms of chemorepulsion.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [4]
  1. Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN (United States)
  2. Department of Pathology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN (United States)
  3. Department of Cancer Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN (United States)
  4. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22416963
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Experimental Cell Research; Journal Volume: 330; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; CARCINOMAS; CELL PROLIFERATION; COLLAGEN; ESOPHAGUS; FIBROBLASTS; HOMEOSTASIS; INFLAMMATION; INHIBITION; LIGANDS; LYMPHOKINES; MICE; PHENOTYPE; SIGNALS; TUMOR CELLS