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Title: What can be learned from optical two-color diffusion and thermodiffusion experiments on ternary fluid mixtures?

A number of optical techniques have been developed during the recent years for the investigation of diffusion and thermodiffusion in ternary fluid mixtures, both on ground and on-board the International Space Station. All these methods are based on the simultaneous measurement of refractive index changes at two different wavelengths. Here, we discuss and compare different techniques with the emphasis on optical beam deflection (OBD), optical digital interferometry, and thermal diffusion forced Rayleigh scattering (TDFRS). We suggest to formally split the data evaluation into a phenomenological parameterization of the measured transients and a subsequent transformation from the refractive index into the concentration space. In all experiments, the transients measured at two different detection wavelengths can be described by four amplitudes and two eigenvalues of the diffusion coefficient matrix. It turns out that these six parameters are subjected to large errors and cannot be determined reliably. Five good quantities, which can be determined with a high accuracy, are the stationary amplitudes, the initial slopes as defined in TDFRS experiments and by application of a heuristic criterion for similar curves, a certain mean diffusion coefficient. These amplitudes and slopes are directly linked to the Soret and thermodiffusion coefficients after transformation with the inversemore » contrast factor matrix, which is frequently ill-conditioned. Since only five out of six free parameters are reliably determined, including the single mean diffusion coefficient, the determination of the four entries of the diffusion matrix is not possible. We apply our results to new OBD measurements of the symmetric (mass fractions 0.33/0.33/0.33) ternary benchmark mixture n-dodecane/isobutylbenzene/1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene and existing literature data for the same system.« less
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Physikalisches Institut, Universität Bayreuth, D-95440 Bayreuth (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22416188
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 142; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; COLOR; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; DODECANE; EIGENVALUES; FLUIDS; INTERFEROMETRY; MIXTURES; RAYLEIGH SCATTERING; REFRACTIVE INDEX; TETRALIN; THERMAL DIFFUSION; TRANSIENTS