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Title: Short-range stabilizing potential for computing energies and lifetimes of temporary anions with extrapolation methods

The energy of a temporary anion can be computed by adding a stabilizing potential to the molecular Hamiltonian, increasing the stabilization until the temporary state is turned into a bound state, and then further increasing the stabilization until enough bound state energies have been collected so that these can be extrapolated back to vanishing stabilization. The lifetime can be obtained from the same data, but only if the extrapolation is done through analytic continuation of the momentum as a function of the square root of a shifted stabilizing parameter. This method is known as analytic continuation of the coupling constant, and it requires—at least in principle—that the bound-state input data are computed with a short-range stabilizing potential. In the context of molecules and ab initio packages, long-range Coulomb stabilizing potentials are, however, far more convenient and have been used in the past with some success, although the error introduced by the long-rang nature of the stabilizing potential remains unknown. Here, we introduce a soft-Voronoi box potential that can serve as a short-range stabilizing potential. The difference between a Coulomb and the new stabilization is analyzed in detail for a one-dimensional model system as well as for the {sup 2}Π{sub u}more » resonance of CO{sub 2}{sup −}, and in both cases, the extrapolation results are compared to independently computed resonance parameters, from complex scaling for the model, and from complex absorbing potential calculations for CO{sub 2}{sup −}. It is important to emphasize that for both the model and for CO{sub 2}{sup −}, all three sets of results have, respectively, been obtained with the same electronic structure method and basis set so that the theoretical description of the continuum can be directly compared. The new soft-Voronoi-box-based extrapolation is then used to study the influence of the size of diffuse and the valence basis sets on the computed resonance parameters.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Chemistry and Physics, Southeastern Louisiana University, SLU 10878, Hammond, Louisiana 70402 (United States)
  2. Research Center for Computational Science, Institute for Molecular Science, Myodai-ji, Okazaki 444-8585 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22415996
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 142; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ANIONS; BOUND STATE; CARBON DIOXIDE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COUPLING CONSTANTS; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; EXTRAPOLATION; HAMILTONIANS; LIFETIME; MOLECULES; POTENTIALS; RESONANCE; STABILIZATION; VALENCE