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Title: Polarisabilities of long conjugated chain molecules with density functional response methods: The role of coupled and uncoupled response

The longitudinal component of the dipole-dipole polarisability of polyacetylene molecules containing 4 to 20 carbon atoms has been calculated with density-functional theory (DFT) response methods. In order to analyse the effect of the uncoupled and coupled contributions to the response matrix, a number of different sets of orbitals were combined with different approximations for the Hessian matrix. This revealed a surprising result: a qualitatively correct increase of the polarisability with the chain length can already be reproduced on the uncoupled level if the response matrix is constructed from Hartree-Fock (HF) or exact-exchange (EXX) DFT orbitals. The nonlocal HF and the local EXX exchange potentials both produce a displacement of charge from the chain ends to the centre of the polyacetylene molecule compared to DFT methods using standard exchange-correlation potentials. In this way, the reduced increase of the transition dipole moments along the molecular axis counteracts the decrease of the occupied-virtual orbital energy gaps and leads to a linear dependence of the polarisabilities (normalised by the number of carbon atoms) on the chain length. A new DFT response approach is tested which utilises unitary transformed Hartree-Fock orbitals as input and which resolves the failure of standard DFT response methods.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Lehrstuhl für Theoretische Chemie, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Egerlandstr. 3, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22415694
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 142; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ATOMS; CARBON; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CORRELATIONS; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; DIPOLE MOMENTS; DIPOLES; ENERGY GAP; HARTREE-FOCK METHOD; MATRICES; MOLECULES; POLARIZABILITY; POLYACETYLENES; POTENTIALS