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Title: Time-dependent density functional theory for open systems with a positivity-preserving decomposition scheme for environment spectral functions

Understanding electronic dynamics on material surfaces is fundamentally important for applications including nanoelectronics, inhomogeneous catalysis, and photovoltaics. Practical approaches based on time-dependent density functional theory for open systems have been developed to characterize the dissipative dynamics of electrons in bulk materials. The accuracy and reliability of such approaches depend critically on how the electronic structure and memory effects of surrounding material environment are accounted for. In this work, we develop a novel squared-Lorentzian decomposition scheme, which preserves the positive semi-definiteness of the environment spectral matrix. The resulting electronic dynamics is guaranteed to be both accurate and convergent even in the long-time limit. The long-time stability of electronic dynamics simulation is thus greatly improved within the current decomposition scheme. The validity and usefulness of our new approach are exemplified via two prototypical model systems: quasi-one-dimensional atomic chains and two-dimensional bilayer graphene.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ; ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Beijing Computational Science Research Center, No. 3 He-Qing Road, Beijing 100084 (China)
  2. Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)
  3. (China)
  4. Department of Chemistry, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22415631
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 142; Journal Issue: 14; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CATALYSIS; DECOMPOSITION; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; ELECTRONS; GRAPHENE; LAYERS; MATRICES; NANOELECTRONICS; PHASE STABILITY; PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECT; SPECTRAL FUNCTIONS; SURFACES; TIME DEPENDENCE; TWO-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS