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Title: Photoelectron spectroscopy of B{sub 4}O{sub 4}{sup −}: Dual 3c-4e π hyperbonds and rhombic 4c-4e o-bond in boron oxide clusters

Gas-phase anion photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) is combined with global structural searches and electronic structure calculations at the hybrid Becke 3-parameter exchange functional and Lee-Yang-Parr correlation functional (B3LYP) and single-point coupled-cluster with single, double, and perturbative triple excitations (CCSD(T)) levels to probe the structural and electronic properties and chemical bonding of the B{sub 4}O{sub 4}{sup 0/−} clusters. The measured PES spectra of B{sub 4}O{sub 4}{sup −} exhibit a major band with the adiabatic and vertical detachment energies (ADE and VDE) of 2.64 ± 0.10 and 2.81 ± 0.10 eV, respectively, as well as a weak peak with the ADE and VDE of 1.42 ± 0.08 and 1.48 ± 0.08 eV. The former band proves to correspond to the Y-shaped global minimum of C{sub s} B{sub 4}O{sub 4}{sup −} ({sup 2}A″), with the calculated ADE/VDE of 2.57/2.84 eV at the CCSD(T) level, whereas the weak band is associated with the second lowest-energy, rhombic isomer of D{sub 2h} B{sub 4}O{sub 4}{sup −} ({sup 2}B{sub 2g}) with the predicted ADE/VDE of 1.43/1.49 eV. Both anion structures are planar, featuring a B atom or a B{sub 2}O{sub 2} core bonded with terminal BO and/or BO{sub 2} groups. The same Y-shaped and rhombic structures are alsomore » located for the B{sub 4}O{sub 4} neutral cluster, albeit with a reversed energy order. Bonding analyses reveal dual three-center four-electron (3c-4e) π hyperbonds in the Y-shaped B{sub 4}O{sub 4}{sup 0/−} clusters and a four-center four-electron (4c-4e) π bond, that is, the so-called o-bond in the rhombic B{sub 4}O{sub 4}{sup 0/−} clusters. This work is the first experimental study on a molecular system with an o-bond.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Nanocluster Laboratory, Institute of Molecular Science, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006 (China)
  2. State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)
  3. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22415609
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 142; Journal Issue: 13; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ANIONS; ATOMS; BORON OXIDES; CHEMICAL BONDS; ELECTRON SPECTRA; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; ELECTRONS; EV RANGE; EXCITATION; HYBRIDIZATION; ISOMERS; PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY; PROBES