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Title: Interpretation of the vacuum ultraviolet photoabsorption spectrum of iodobenzene by ab initio computations

Identification of many Rydberg states in iodobenzene, especially from the first and fourth ionization energies (IE{sub 1} and IE{sub 4}, X{sup 2}B{sub 1} and C{sup 2}B{sub 1}), has become possible using a new ultraviolet (UV) and vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) absorption spectrum, in the region 29 000-87 000 cm{sup −1} (3.60-10.79 eV), measured at room temperature with synchrotron radiation. A few Rydberg states based on IE{sub 2} (A{sup 2}A{sub 2}) were found, but those based on IE{sub 3} (B{sup 2}B{sub 2}) are undetectable. The almost complete absence of observable Rydberg states relating to IE{sub 2} and IE{sub 3} (A{sup 2}A{sub 2} and B{sup 2}B{sub 2}, respectively) is attributed to them being coupled to the near-continuum, high-energy region of Rydberg series converging on IE{sub 1}. Theoretical studies of the UV and VUV spectra used both time-dependent density functional (TDDFT) and multi-reference multi-root doubles and singles-configuration interaction methods. The theoretical adiabatic excitation energies, and their corresponding vibrational profiles, gave a satisfactory interpretation of the experimental results. The calculations indicate that the UV onset contains both 1{sup 1}B{sub 1} and 1{sup 1}B{sub 2} states with very low oscillator strength, while the 2{sup 1}B{sub 1} state was found to lie under the lowest ππ{sup ∗} 1{supmore » 1}A{sub 1} state. All three of these {sup 1}B{sub 1} and {sup 1}B{sub 2} states are excitations into low-lying σ{sup ∗} orbitals. The strongest VUV band near 7 eV contains two very strong ππ{sup ∗} valence states, together with other weak contributors. The lowest Rydberg 4b{sub 1}6s state (3{sup 1}B{sub 1}) is very evident as a sharp multiplet near 6 eV; its position and vibrational structure are well reproduced by the TDDFT results.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;
  1. School of Chemistry, University of Edinburgh, Joseph Black Building, David Brewster Road, Edinburgh EH9 3FJ, Scotland (United Kingdom)
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, ISA, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)
  3. CNR-ISM, Montelibretti, c/o Laboratorio Elettra, Trieste (Italy)
  4. CNR-IOM Laboratorio TASC, Trieste (Italy)
  5. (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22415606
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 142; Journal Issue: 13; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; CONFIGURATION INTERACTION; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; EV RANGE; EXCITATION; FAR ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; OSCILLATOR STRENGTHS; RYDBERG STATES; SYNCHROTRON RADIATION; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; TIME DEPENDENCE; VALENCE