skip to main content

Title: The interaction of He{sup −} with fullerenes

The effects of interactions between He{sup −} and clusters of fullerenes in helium nanodroplets are described. Electron transfer from He{sup −} to (C{sub 60}){sub n} and (C{sub 70}){sub n} clusters results in the formation of the corresponding fullerene cluster dianions. This unusual double electron transfer appears to be concerted and is most likely guided by electron correlation between the two very weakly bound outer electrons in He{sup −}. We suggest a mechanism which involves long range electron transfer followed by the conversion of He{sup +}into He{sub 2}{sup +}, where formation of the He–He bond in He{sub 2}{sup +} releases sufficient kinetic energy for the cation and the dianion to escape their Coulombic attraction. By analogy with the corresponding dications, the observation of a threshold size of n ≥ 5 for formation of both (C{sub 60}){sub n}{sup 2−} and (C{sub 70}){sub n}{sup 2−} is attributed to Coulomb explosion rather than an energetic constraint. We also find that smaller dianions can be observed if water is added as a co-dopant. Other aspects of He{sup −} chemistry that are explored include its role in the formation of multiply charged fullerene cluster cations and the sensitivity of cluster dianion formation on the incident electronmore » energy.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Institut für Ionenphysik und Angewandte Physik, Universität Innsbruck, Technikerstr. 25, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)
  2. Department of Chemistry, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22415504
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 142; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: (c) 2015 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CATIONS; CHEMICAL BONDS; CHEMISTRY; CONVERSION; ELECTRON CORRELATION; ELECTRON TRANSFER; ELECTRONS; FULLERENES; HELIUM; HELIUM IONS; ION-MOLECULE COLLISIONS; LIMITING VALUES; SENSITIVITY; WATER