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Title: Benzene derivatives adsorbed to the Ag(111) surface: Binding sites and electronic structure

Dispersion corrected Density Functional Theory calculations were employed to study the adsorption of benzenes derivatized with functional groups encompassing a large region of the activated/deactivated spectrum to the Ag(111) surface. Benzenes substituted with weak activating or deactivating groups, such as methyl and fluoro, do not have a strong preference for adsorbing to a particular site on the substrate, with the corrugations in the potential energy surface being similar to those of benzene. Strong activating (N(CH{sub 3}){sub 2}) and deactivating (NO{sub 2}) groups, on the other hand, possess a distinct site preference. The nitrogen in the former prefers to lie above a silver atom (top site), but in the latter a hollow hexagonal-closed-packed (H{sub hcp}) site of the Ag(111) surface is favored instead. Benzenes derivatized with classic activating groups donate electron density from their highest occupied molecular orbital to the surface, and those functionalized with deactivating groups withdraw electron density from the surface into orbitals that are unoccupied in the gas phase. For benzenes functionalized with two substituents, the groups that are strongly activating or deactivating control the site preference and the other groups assume sites that are, to a large degree, dictated by their positions on the benzene ring. Themore » relative stabilities of the ortho, meta, and para positional isomers of disubstituted benzenes can, in some cases, be modified by adsorption to the surface.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Chemistry, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260-3000 (United States)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22415483
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 142; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ADSORPTION; ATOMS; BENZENE; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; DERIVATIZATION; ELECTRON DENSITY; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; ISOMERS; MOLECULAR ORBITAL METHOD; NITROGEN; NITROGEN DIOXIDE; ORGANIC NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; SILVER; SUBSTRATES; SURFACES