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Title: In search of the X{sub 2}BO and X{sub 2}BS (X = H, F) free radicals: Ab initio studies of their spectroscopic signatures

The F{sub 2}BO free radical is a known, although little studied, species but similar X{sub 2}BY (X = H, D, F; Y = O, S) molecules are largely unknown. High level ab initio methods have been used to predict the molecular structures, vibrational frequencies (in cm{sup −1}), and relative energies of the ground and first two excited electronic states of these free radicals, as an aid to their eventual spectroscopic identification. The chosen theoretical methods and basis sets were tested on F{sub 2}BO and found to give good agreement with the known experimental quantities. In particular, complete basis set extrapolations of coupled-cluster single and doubles with perturbative triple excitations/aug-cc-pVXZ (X = 3, 4, 5) energies gave excellent electronic term values, due to small changes in geometry between states and the lack of significant multireference character in the wavefunctions. The radicals are found to have planar C{sub 2v} geometries in the X{sup ~2}B{sub 2} ground state, the low-lying A{sup ~2}B{sub 1} first excited state, and the higher B{sup ~2}A{sub 1} state. Some of these radicals have very small ground state dipole moments hindering microwave measurements. Infrared studies in matrices or in the gas phase may be possible although the fundamentals ofmore » H{sub 2}BO and H{sub 2}BS are quite weak. The most promising method of identifying these species in the gas phase appears to be absorption or laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy through the allowed B{sup ~}-X{sup ~} transitions which occur in the visible-near UV region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The ab initio results have been used to calculate the Franck-Condon profiles of the absorption and emission spectra, and the rotational structure of the B{sup ~}-X{sup ~}0{sub 0}{sup 0} bands has been simulated. The calculated single vibronic level emission spectra provide a unique, readily recognizable fingerprint of each particular radical, facilitating the experimental identification of new X{sub 2}BY species in the gas phase.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22415423
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 141; Journal Issue: 24; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; ABSORPTION; DIPOLE MOMENTS; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; EMISSION SPECTRA; EXCITATION; EXCITED STATES; EXTRAPOLATION; FLUORESCENCE SPECTROSCOPY; GROUND STATES; LASER RADIATION; MICROWAVE RADIATION; MOLECULAR STRUCTURE; MOLECULES; RADICALS; WAVE FUNCTIONS